Candide, by Voltaire
A case against Optimism, Candide is a satirical novel published in 1759.
It is the best-known work by Voltaire.
He wrote it in three days, and many generations since then have found that its laughter does not grow old.
As expected by Voltaire, Candide has enjoyed both great success and a great scandal. Immediately after its secretive publication, the book was widely banned.
However, the novel has since inspired many later authors and artists to mimic and adapt it.